Chapter 15 Inequality and rising levels of socio-economic segregation: Lessons from a pan-European comparative study
van Ham, Maarten
CollectionEuropean Research Council (ERC)
The Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: East Meets West project investigates changing levels of socio-economic segregation in 13 major European cities: Amsterdam, Budapest, Vienna, Stockholm, Oslo, London, Vilnius, Tallinn, Prague, Madrid, Milan, Athens and Riga. The two main conclusions of this major study are that the levels of socio-economic segregation in European cities are still relatively modest compared to some other parts of the world but that the spatial gap between poor and rich is widening in all capital cities across Europe. Segregation levels in the East of Europe started at a lower level compared to the West of Europe, but the East is quickly catching up, although there are large dif- ferences between cities. Four central factors were found to play a major role in the changing urban landscape in Europe: welfare and housing regimes, globalisation and economic restructuring, rising economic inequality and historical development paths. Where state intervention in Europe has long countered segregation, (neo) liberal transformations in welfare states, under the influence of globalisation, have caused an increase in inequality. As a result, the levels of socio-economic segrega- tion are moving upwards. If this trend were to continue, Europe would be at risk of slipping into the epoch of growing inequalities and segregation where the rich and the poor will live separate lives in separate parts of their cities, which could seriously harm the social stability of our future cities.
Keywordsinequalities; european cities; urban communities; growing inequalities; europe; inequalities; european cities; urban communities; growing inequalities; europe; Amsterdam; Economic inequality; Racial segregation; Residential segregation in the United States; Social inequality; Socioeconomics; Stockholm; Tallinn; Welfare state
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Publication date and place2015
Economics of industrial organisation