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dc.contributor.authorDavenport, Romola
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-19T10:37:41Z
dc.date.available2020-11-19T10:37:41Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.isbn9780367137168en_US
dc.identifier.isbn9780367548962en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/43003
dc.description.abstractThis chapter provides a brief introduction to mortality patterns over the last two centuries, from a global perspective. The period witnessed enormous and ubiquitous rises in life expectancy at birth, from a global average of perhaps 30 years in 1800 to an estimated average of 72.6 years in 2019. Remarkably, these changes took place despite a perhaps seven- to eight-fold increase of the world’s population, and in the context of unprecedented increases in the speed and frequency of transmission of infectious diseases as a consequence of urbanization, colonization, technological change, and the globalization of trade. This chapter describes the gradual recession of famine and infectious diseases in now-developed countries before c.1870, the acceleration of improvements in life expectancy 1870-1940. and the much more rapid and global gains since the mid twentieth century, together with a brief account of some of the major reversals to these trends, including the HIV and smoking pandemics. It outlines the broad geography and chronology of changes in patterns of mortality, and introduces debates regarding the roles of economic growth and the roles of medicine and states. It concludes with a brief discussion of recent and future trends.en_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanitiesen_US
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanities::HB History::HBG General & world historyen_US
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanities::HB History::HBT History: specific events & topics::HBTB Social & cultural historyen_US
dc.subject.othermortality patternsen_US
dc.subject.otherdeath ratesen_US
dc.subject.otherlife expectancyen_US
dc.subject.othercauses of deathen_US
dc.subject.otherdiseaseen_US
dc.subject.otherpatterns of mortalityen_US
dc.titleChapter 1 Patterns of Death, 1800-2020en_US
dc.title.alternativeGlobal rates and causesen_US
dc.typechapter
oapen.relation.isPublishedBy7b3c7b10-5b1e-40b3-860e-c6dd5197f0bben_US
oapen.relation.isPartOfBook267f5c12-8326-4f77-8271-670949eab54cen_US
oapen.relation.isFundedByd859fbd3-d884-4090-a0ec-baf821c9abfden_US
oapen.collectionWellcomeen_US
oapen.imprintRoutledgeen_US
oapen.pages25en_US
oapen.grant.number103322


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