Export citation

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.editorGounder, Ramasamy Marappa
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-15T14:16:10Z
dc.date.available2020-12-15T14:16:10Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/44006
dc.description.abstractUnconventional heavy crude oils are replacing the conventional light crude oils slowly but steadily as a major energy source. Heavy crude oils are cheaper and present an opportunity to the refiners to process them with higher profit margins. However, the unfavourable characteristics of heavy crude oils such as high viscosity, low API gravity, low H/C ratio, chemical complexity with high asphaltenes content, high acidity, high sulfur and increased level of metal and heteroatom impurities impede extraction, pumping, transportation and processing. Very poor mobility of the heavy oils, due to very high viscosities, significantly affects production and transportation. Techniques for viscosity reduction, drag reduction and in-situ upgrading of the crude oil to improve the flow characteristics in pipelines are presented in this book. The heavier and complex molecules of asphaltenes with low H/C ratios present many technological challenges during the refining of the crude oil.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::T Technology, engineering, agriculture::TH Energy technology & engineering::THF Fossil fuel technologies::THFP Petroleum technology
dc.subject.otherTechnology & Engineering
dc.subject.otherPetroleum
dc.titleProcessing of Heavy Crude Oils
dc.title.alternativeChallenges and Opportunities
dc.typebook
oapen.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.74912
oapen.relation.isPublishedByInTechOpen
virtual.oapen_relation_isPublishedBy.publisher_nameInTechOpen
virtual.oapen_relation_isPublishedBy.publisher_websitehttps://www.intechopen.com/
oapen.relation.isFundedByb818ba9d-2dd9-4fd7-a364-7f305aef7ee9
virtual.oapen_relation_isFundedBy.grantor_nameKnowledge Unlatched
oapen.relation.isbn9781839684111
oapen.collectionKnowledge Unlatched (KU)
oapen.imprintIntechOpen
oapen.identifierhttps://openresearchlibrary.org/viewer/217029e8-2c5c-4dbe-ad92-e7e3920f1e15
oapen.identifier.isbn9781839684111
grantor.number104995


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record