Chapter 2 Beauty, Nature, and Society in Shaftesbury’s The Moralists
This volume re-examines traditional interpretations of the rise of modern aesthetics in eighteenth-century Britain and Germany. It provides a new account that connects aesthetic experience with morality, science, and political society. In doing so, it challenges long-standing teleological narratives that emphasize disinterestedness and the separation of aesthetics from moral, cognitive, and political interests. The chapters are divided into three thematic parts. The chapters in Part I demonstrate the heteronomy of eighteenth-century British aesthetics. They chart the evolution of aesthetic concepts and discuss the ethical and political significance of the aesthetic theories of several key figures: namely, the third Earl of Shaftesbury, David Hume, and Adam Smith. Part II explores the ways in which eighteenth-century German, and German-oriented, thinkers examine aesthetic experience and moral concerns, and relate to the work of their British counterparts. The chapters here cover the work of Kant, Moses Mendelssohn, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Madame de Staël. Finally, Part III explores the interrelation of science, aesthetics, and a new model of society in the work of Goethe, Johann Wilhelm Ritter, Friedrich Hölderlin, and William Hazlitt, among others. This volume develops unique discussions of the rise of aesthetic autonomy in the eighteenth century. In bringing together well-known scholars working on British and German eighteenth-century aesthetics, philosophy, and literature, it will appeal to scholars and advanced students in a range of disciplines who are interested in this topic.
KeywordsAdam Smith; Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten; Anne Pollok; aesthetics narrative; aesthetic experience; autonomy; British aesthetics; Camilla Flodin; David Hume; Dorothea von Mücke; disinterestednes; Emily Brady; Friedrich Hölderlin; force; German aesthetics; German romanticism; Goethe; G.E. Lessing; higher enlightenment; Jocelyn Holland; Johann Joachim Winckelmann; Johann Wilhelm Ritter; Joseph Addison; Karen Green; Karl Axelsson; Madame de Staël; Maria Semi; Mattias Pirholt; Moses Mendelssohn; morality
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Publication date and place2021
SeriesRoutledge Studies in Eighteenth-Century Philosophy,
Western philosophy, from c 1900 -
Literary studies: general