Chapter 13 Rebuilding Relationships between Data, Method, and Theories
Cucina, Jeffrey M.
Nester, Mary Anne
In both Management and I/O Psychology, contributions to theory remain an important, and in many cases, sole criterion for evaluating submissions to top journals. In many ways, the definition of theory and the primacy of theory in the organizational sciences is an outlier; in most sciences, articles rarely even mention theories, much less build themselves around advancing theory. We propose that the classic description of the scientific methods provides a better guide to understanding the relationships between data, methods and theory than our current model, which often starts and ends with proposing a theory, which may never again be referenced or tested. We describe a pyramid of types of evidence that is useful for assessing the reliability and worth of particular sorts of data and show how this approach to evidence informs the scientific method and assists in identifying and building useful theories.
Keywordsorganizational research; SIOP; SIOP Organizational Frontiers; SIOP Organizational Frontiers Series; organizational frontiers; organizations; Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology; I/O psychology
ISBN9780367857707, 9780367857646, 9781003015000
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Publication date and place2022
Organizational theory & behaviour
Occupational & industrial psychology