Chapter Analogy-Based Inference Patterns in Pharmacological Research
CollectionEuropean Research Council (ERC)
Analogical arguments are ubiquitous vehicles of knowledge transfer in science and medicine. This paper outlines a Bayesian evidence-amalgamation framework for the purpose of formally exploring different analogy-based inference patterns with respect to their justification in pharmacological risk assessment. By relating formal explications of similarity, analogy, and analog simulation, three sources of confirmatory support for a causal hypothesis are distinguished in reconstruction: relevant studies, established causal knowledge, and computational models.
Keywordsscientific inference, pharmacology, epistemology, Bayesian confirmation, evidence, relevance, similarity, analogy, computer simulation
Publication date and place2020